Gurdwara Qatalgarh Sahib Shahid Ganj, Chamkaur Sahib

Gurdwara Name Gurdwara Qatalgarh Sahib Shahid Ganj Address Sri Guru Gobind Singh Marg , Chamkaur Sahib, Distt Ropar
Zipcode Phone 01881 76125
Fax Contact Email
Sarai Available yes Sarai Contact Information
Sarai facilities Twenty rooms with attached bath and beds and 10 with common bath free of cost . Three halls having 600 persons capacity. Refundable security deposit is Rs 100.
Sarai Room Count 30
Website URL
History This Gurdwara commemorates the historical battle fought by Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji in a small fortress. After leaving Anandpur sahib on the night of December 5/6, 1705, crossing the flooded Sarsa rivulet, and resting at Kot Nihang Khan, for a few hours, Sri Guru Gobind Singhji reached Chamkaur. He was accompanied by not more than 40 Singhs, including two of his older sons, and the five panj piyare, the original "Beloved Five". Their arms were mostly swords and spears, as their ammunition had exhausted during the eight-month defence of the besieged Anandpur. Halting in a small garden, they approached the local chief for permission to use his haveli for shelter during the night. The place belonged to two brothers. The elder brother Rai Jagat Singh refused, for fear of Imperial wrath. But, his younger brother, Rup Chand, at his own risk, permitted them to stay in the small fortress like two-storey house, which had a moderate quantity of arms and ammunition inside. Despite promise of safe conduct given to Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji , the Mughal and Rajput commanders were in search of him, to catch him in person or get his head as a trophy. After crossing the Sarsa, the whole party of the Sikhs had scattered hither and thither. The Mughals did not know, where the Guruji had gone. When they got information of his halt at Chamkaur, they came and laid siege to the haveli, which was like a small garhi, or a fortress. Early in the morning, alerted by the sound of galloping horses, the Sikhs took up defensive positions. The two Sahibzadas -- Ajit Singhji and Jujhar Singhji -- and three other archers took up positions, along with Sri Guru Gobind Singhji, in the upper portion of the house. Eight persons each were deputed to guard each of the four sides. Two expert swordsmen - Bhai Madan Singh and Bhai Kotha Singh - stood to guard the only entrance to the haveli. During the previous two decades, the Singhs had established a reputation of their invincibility in battles. Therefore, the enemy's mainstay had to be in numerical strength. The hordes of Rajput and Mughal warriors rushed to join the manhunt. The arrows from upper storey of the haveli kept many a soldier at bay. Those who came forward to storm the garhi, met piercing arrows. They either perished or preferred to pull back. Or faced hand-to-hand fights with Singhs guarding the four sides. Faujdar Nahar Khan was one of those who fell to the arrows of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji himself. The battle lasted all day. When the ammunition and arrows in the garhi almost ran out, the Singhs came out in batches of five, with swords and spears in their hands, to face the enemy that far outnumbered them. Their determination and fighting skill helped them kill many of the enemy, but odds were so heavy against them that they all fell in the field, one by one. They were followed by the next batch of five, charged with emotions of fighting a treacherous enemy. Determined to fight with all their vigour, they too were to lay their lives the same way. With over thirty Singhs, including three of the panj piyare lying dead or dying out in the field, Sri Guru Gobind Singh's eldest son, 18-year old Sahibzada Ajit Singh sought permission from his father. Getting a farewell hug and a blessing from him, he went out to join the battle. After heroic confrontations with several of the enemy at a time, he fell in the field. After watching his brother being slaughtered, the younger Sahibzada, 15-year old Jujhar Singh, touched the feet of his father, gave him a hug, and bidding farewell sallied forth with the next and the last batch. With the setting of the sun, that day, he too became a martyr like his elder brother, and other select warriors of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji's bodyguard. Included in them were also three of the "Beloved Five" - Bhai Mohkam Singh, Bhai Himmat Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh. By the nightfall, only six persons - Sri Guru Gobind Singhji, two of the " Beloved Five" (Bhai Daya Singh and Bhai Dharam Singh), Bhai Sant Singh, Bhai Man Singh and Sangat Singh remained alive in the garhi. The Singhs decided that Guru Gobind Singhji must quit the haveli, so that he could rally his followers again. If he perished, loss to the community would be irreparable. It was proposed that the Guru should change his attire with Sangat Singh, who somewhat resembled him in stature. By his being visible, the others might get enough time to reach a somewhat safe distance. Reluctantly, the Guruji agreed, to the proposal, which the Singhs presented as the matta of five, which was bindinding. . Bhai Sant Singh decided to stay back to guard the entrance, and thus gain some additional time, when the enemy barges in. In the middle of the night Sri Guru Gobind Singhji and three remaining Sikhs - Bhai Daya Singh, Bhai Mohkam Singh and Bhai Man Singh -- left the haveli, with a plan to go in different directions but meet in a garden outside Machhiwara. Their heroic deeds aganist tyranny,are remembered every year by grateful devotees. They assemble in thousands at Chamkaur Sahib to attend the Shahidi Jormela in the memory of the two Sahibzadas on 6,7 and 8 Poh, usually corresponding with 20, 21 and 22 December.
Remarks Chamkaur Sahib is 35 kms from chandigarh and approx one hour drive . Gurdwara is at walking distance from Chamkaur Sahib bus stand.