Gurdwara Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, Chappar Chiri

Gurdwara Name Gurdwara Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Address Chappar Chiri, near Mohali
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History The Indian Mughal empire never recovered from the defeat inflicted on the Mughal army in the battle of Chappar Chiri near Sirhind, by the people’s Khalsa army led by General Baba Banda Singh Bahadur 300 years ago, on 12 May 1710. The historic battle showed that the well equipped and highly trained Mughal army was not invincible. The foundation for people’s Khalsa raj had been laid by Tenth Nanak, Guru Gobind Singh ji, who had promised that his “sparrows” i.e. ordinary people armed with the Guru’s egalitarian and liberating ideology, shall hunt and kill the Mughal “hawk”. And so on 12 May 1710, led by one of the greatest generals in human history, the sparrows went for the jugular of the Mughal empire. This was the lifeline of the empire connecting north-west frontier and provincial capital Lahore, with Delhi. Starting with the earlier demise of the significant centre of Mughal aristocracy, Samana (26 November 1709), The Khalsa army held on for nearly six years to end 1715. Rather belatedly, the great significance of this battle has been recognised. A monument is being built at Chappar Chiri by the Punjab Government's Cultural Affairs Department. Amongst other tourist attractions, battle scenes will be depicted. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur remains a mystical but towering figure in Sikh history. In warfare tactics and strategy he followed in the footsteps of Guru Gobind Singh ji who first defeated the combined forces of the treacherous Hindu hill rajas with a handful of Sikhs at the famous battle of Bhangani. Even in retreat, the Guruji showed unmatched military skill at Anandpur Sahib , Chamkaur and Muktsar. Despite treachery and false promises of safe passage from Anandpur, the combined forces of the hill rajas and the Mughal army, were unable to capture or kill him in battle. Similarly, like a tiger sent forth by the Great Guruji, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur leapt on the Mughal elephant and drained away its life blood for six long years during the reign of three Mughal emperors. There is now little doubt that Baba ji remained true to the Guruji throughout his meteoric rise and, when the end came, he died a true Gursikh martyr in the full glare of history on 9 June 1716.
Remarks Chappar Chiri, It is situated just outside Mohali, around 4 kms from Landran and 20 Kms from Sirhind.
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